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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D. C.  20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý           QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR
o              TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from            to
 
Commission File Number 001-34176
ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
State of Delaware
 
26-2735737
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
5251 DTC Parkway, Suite 1000
 
 
Greenwood Village, Colorado
 
80111
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (303) 628-5600

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ý  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ý  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
Emerging growth company o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No ý

The number of outstanding shares of Ascent Capital Group, Inc.’s common stock as of October 19, 2018 was:

Series A common stock 12,068,496 shares; and Series B common stock 381,528 shares.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Item 1.  Financial Statements (unaudited)
ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
Amounts in thousands, except share amounts
(unaudited)
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
137,561

 
10,465

Restricted cash
133

 

Marketable securities, at fair value

 
105,958

Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,630 in 2018 and $4,162 in 2017
13,162

 
12,645

Prepaid and other current assets
25,883

 
11,175

Total current assets
176,739

 
140,243

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $46,195 in 2018 and $37,915 in 2017
36,568

 
32,823

Subscriber accounts and deferred contract acquisition costs, net of accumulated amortization of $1,570,729 in 2018 and $1,439,164 in 2017
1,215,831

 
1,302,028

Dealer network and other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $48,500 in 2018 and $42,806 in 2017

 
6,994

Goodwill
349,149

 
563,549

Other assets
36,819

 
9,348

Total assets
$
1,815,106

 
2,054,985

Liabilities and Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
11,661

 
11,092

Accrued payroll and related liabilities
6,513

 
3,953

Other accrued liabilities
46,840

 
52,329

Deferred revenue
12,069

 
13,871

Holdback liability
10,766

 
9,309

Current portion of long-term debt
11,000

 
11,000

Total current liabilities
98,849

 
101,554

Non-current liabilities:
 

 
 

Long-term debt
1,869,502

 
1,778,044

Long-term holdback liability
2,031

 
2,658

Derivative financial instruments
1,139

 
13,491

Deferred income tax liability, net
15,298

 
13,311

Other liabilities
2,858

 
3,255

Total liabilities
1,989,677

 
1,912,313

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders’ (deficit) equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 5,000,000 shares; no shares issued

 

Series A common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 45,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 12,052,703 and 11,999,630 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
121

 
120

Series B common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 5,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 381,528 shares at both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
4

 
4

Series C common stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 45,000,000 shares; no shares issued

 

Additional paid-in capital
1,425,379

 
1,423,899

Accumulated deficit
(1,615,743
)
 
(1,277,118
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
15,668

 
(4,233
)
Total stockholders’ (deficit) equity
(174,571
)
 
142,672

Total liabilities and stockholders’ (deficit) equity
$
1,815,106

 
2,054,985

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts
(unaudited) 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenue
$
137,156

 
138,211

 
$
405,922

 
419,909

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Cost of services
35,059

 
30,213

 
100,807

 
89,799

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation
38,199

 
35,793

 
109,992

 
136,809

Radio conversion costs

 
74

 

 
383

Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets
52,671

 
59,384

 
160,973

 
178,896

Depreciation
2,886

 
2,176

 
8,378

 
6,435

Loss on goodwill impairment

 

 
214,400

 

Gain on disposal of operating assets

 

 

 
(21,217
)
 
128,815

 
127,640

 
594,550

 
391,105

Operating income (loss)
8,341

 
10,571

 
(188,628
)
 
28,804

Other expense (income), net:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Interest income
(624
)
 
(617
)
 
(1,879
)
 
(1,575
)
Interest expense
40,943

 
38,360

 
120,017

 
114,011

Refinancing expense
6,731

 

 
6,731

 

Other expense (income), net
40

 
222

 
(2,236
)
 
(242
)
 
47,090

 
37,965

 
122,633

 
112,194

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
(38,749
)
 
(27,394
)
 
(311,261
)
 
(83,390
)
Income tax expense from continuing operations
1,346

 
1,766

 
4,039

 
8,241

Net loss from continuing operations
(40,095
)
 
(29,160
)
 
(315,300
)
 
(91,631
)
Discontinued operations:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of income tax of $0

 

 

 
92

Net loss
(40,095
)
 
(29,160
)
 
(315,300
)
 
(91,539
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(16
)
 

 
626

Unrealized holding gain (loss) on marketable securities, net

 
279

 
(3,900
)
 
1,366

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative contracts, net
3,269

 
227

 
23,196

 
(4,501
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
3,269

 
490

 
19,296

 
(2,509
)
Comprehensive loss
$
(36,826
)
 
(28,670
)
 
$
(296,004
)
 
(94,048
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
(3.24
)
 
(2.39
)
 
$
(25.57
)
 
(7.53
)
Discontinued operations

 

 

 
0.01

Net loss
$
(3.24
)
 
(2.39
)
 
$
(25.57
)
 
(7.52
)
 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Amounts in thousands
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(315,300
)
 
(91,539
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Income from discontinued operations, net of income tax

 
(92
)
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets
160,973

 
178,896

Depreciation
8,378

 
6,435

Stock-based and long-term incentive compensation
1,600

 
5,968

Deferred income tax expense
1,987

 
3,158

Gain on disposal of operating assets

 
(21,217
)
Legal settlement reserve

 
23,000

Refinancing expense
6,731

 

Amortization of debt discount and deferred debt costs
9,108

 
8,227

Bad debt expense
8,511

 
7,888

Loss on goodwill impairment
214,400

 

Other non-cash activity, net
(186
)
 
4,887

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Trade receivables
(9,028
)
 
(7,225
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(8,359
)
 
(3,535
)
Subscriber accounts - deferred contract acquisition costs
(4,529
)
 
(2,299
)
Payables and other liabilities
(4,752
)
 
4,770

Operating activities from discontinued operations, net

 
(3,408
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
69,534

 
113,914

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(11,513
)
 
(9,999
)
Cost of subscriber accounts acquired
(111,531
)
 
(119,081
)
Purchases of marketable securities
(39,022
)
 
(22,633
)
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities
143,316

 
1,108

Proceeds from the disposal of operating assets

 
32,612

Net cash used in investing activities
(18,750
)
 
(117,993
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from long-term debt
218,950

 
159,850

Payments on long-term debt
(136,600
)
 
(132,500
)
Payments of financing costs
(5,734
)
 

Value of shares withheld for share-based compensation
(171
)
 
(670
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
76,445

 
26,680

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
127,229

 
22,601

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
10,465

 
12,319

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
137,694

 
34,920

Supplemental cash flow information:
 

 
 

State taxes paid, net
$
2,710

 
3,107

Interest paid
98,260

 
93,753

Accrued capital expenditures
882

 
386

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Deficit
Amounts in thousands
(unaudited)
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Total Stockholders' (Deficit) Equity
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
 
 
Series A
 
Series B
 
Series C
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
$

 
120

 
4

 

 
1,423,899

 
(1,277,118
)
 
(4,233
)
 
142,672

Impact of adoption of Topic 606

 

 

 

 

 
(22,720
)
 

 
(22,720
)
Impact of adoption of ASU 2017-12

 

 

 

 

 
(605
)
 
605

 

Adjusted balance at January 1, 2018
$

 
120

 
4

 

 
1,423,899

 
(1,300,443
)
 
(3,628
)
 
119,952

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(30,838
)
 

 
(30,838
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 
11,329

 
11,329

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 
285

 

 

 
285

Value of shares withheld for minimum tax liability

 

 

 

 
(116
)
 

 

 
(116
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
$

 
120

 
4

 

 
1,424,068

 
(1,331,281
)
 
7,701

 
100,612

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(244,367
)
 

 
(244,367
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 
4,698

 
4,698

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 
684

 

 

 
684

Value of shares withheld for minimum tax liability

 

 

 

 
(28
)
 

 

 
(28
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$

 
120

 
4

 

 
1,424,724

 
(1,575,648
)
 
12,399

 
(138,401
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(40,095
)
 

 
(40,095
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,269

 
3,269

Stock-based compensation

 
1

 

 

 
682

 

 

 
683

Value of shares withheld for minimum tax liability

 

 

 

 
(27
)
 

 

 
(27
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$

 
121

 
4

 

 
1,425,379

 
(1,615,743
)
 
15,668

 
(174,571
)
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ASCENT CAPITAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
(1)    Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying Ascent Capital Group, Inc. ("Ascent Capital" or the "Company") condensed consolidated financial statements represent the financial position and results of operations of Ascent Capital and its consolidated subsidiaries.  Monitronics International, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, "Brinks Home SecurityTM"), are the primary, wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company.  Brinks Home Security provides residential customers and commercial client accounts with monitored home and business security systems, as well as interactive and home automation services, in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico.  Brinks Home Security customers are obtained through its direct-to-consumer sales channel or its Authorized Dealer network, which provides product and installation services, as well as support to customers. Its direct-to-consumer channel offers both Do-It-Yourself ("DIY") and professional installation security solutions.

The rollout of the Brinks Home Security brand in the second quarter of 2018 included the integration of our business model under a single brand. As part of the integration, we reorganized our business from two reportable segments, "MONI" and "LiveWatch," to one reportable segment, Brinks Home Security. Following the integration, the Company's chief operating decision maker reviews internal financial information on a consolidated Brinks Home Security basis, which excludes corporate Ascent Capital activities and consolidation eliminations not associated with the operation of Brinks Home Security. Total assets related to corporate Ascent Capital activities are $110,937,000 and $113,698,000 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Net gain (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes related to corporate Ascent Capital activities was $(6,026,000) and $(13,232,000) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to $(3,628,000) and $7,932,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

The unaudited interim financial information of the Company has been prepared in accordance with Article 10 of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (the "SEC") Regulation S-X. Accordingly, it does not include all of the information required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. The Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, include Ascent Capital and all of its direct and indirect subsidiaries. The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Ascent Capital Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on March 5, 2018.

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("Topic 606") using the modified retrospective approach on January 1, 2018, at which time it became effective for the Company. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

The Company adopted ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities ("ASU 2017-12") which amends the hedge accounting rules to align risk management activities and financial reporting by simplifying the application of hedge accounting guidance. The guidance expands the ability to hedge nonfinancial and financial risk components and eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness. Additionally, certain hedge effectiveness assessment requirements may be accomplished qualitatively instead of quantitatively. The Company early adopted ASU 2017-12 effective January 1, 2018, and as such, an opening equity adjustment of $605,000 was recognized that reduced Accumulated deficit, offset by a gain in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). This adjustment primarily relates to the derecognition of the cumulative ineffectiveness recorded on the Company's interest rate swap derivative instruments, as well as adjustments to cumulative dedesignation adjustments. The Company does not expect this adoption to have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows on an ongoing basis.

The Company early adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04"). Prior to the adoption of ASU 2017-04, the fair value of the reporting unit was compared with the carrying value of the reporting unit (identified as "Step 1"). If the fair value of the reporting unit was lower than its carrying amount, then the implied fair value of goodwill was calculated. If the implied fair value of goodwill was lower than the carrying value of goodwill, an impairment was recognized (identified as "Step 2"). ASU 2017-04 eliminated Step 2 from the impairment test; therefore, a goodwill impairment is recognized as the difference of the fair value and the carrying value of the reporting unit.


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The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect during those periods. See note 4, Revenue Recognition and note 6, Goodwill, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue and expenses for each reporting period.  The significant estimates made in preparation of the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements primarily relate to valuation of subscriber accounts, valuation of deferred tax assets and valuation of goodwill. These estimates are based on management’s best estimates and judgment. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors and adjusts them when facts and circumstances change. As the effects of future events cannot be determined with any certainty, actual results could differ from the estimates upon which the carrying values were based.

(2)    Going Concern

Brinks Home Security has substantial indebtedness, including $585,000,000 principal of senior notes at September 30, 2018, maturing on April 1, 2020 (the "Senior Notes"), and an existing credit facility with a term loan in principal of $1,078,000,000 as of September 30, 2018, maturing September 30, 2022, and a revolving credit facility with an outstanding balance of $159,100,000 as of September 30, 2018, maturing September 30, 2021 (the term loan and the revolver, together, the "Credit Facility"). The maturity date for each of the term loan and the revolving credit facility under the Credit Facility is subject to a springing maturity 181 days prior to the scheduled maturity date of the Senior Notes, or October 3, 2019, if Brinks Home Security is unable to refinance the Senior Notes by that date. In addition, if Brinks Home Security is unable to refinance the Senior Notes, or demonstrate the ability to meet its financial covenants for a period of twelve months after the issuance date, prior to the filing with the SEC of their Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, they may be subject to a going concern qualification in connection with their external audit report, which would be an event of default under the Credit Facility. At any time after the occurrence of an event of default under the Credit Facility, the lenders may, among other options, declare any amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility immediately due and payable and terminate any commitment to make further loans under the Credit Facility. These matters raise substantial doubt regarding the Company's ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date these financial statements are issued.

The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. As a result, the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018 have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business.

On September 24, 2018, Ascent Capital and Brinks Home Security entered into a Transaction Support Agreement (which was amended and restated pursuant to the Amended and Restated Transaction Support Agreement, entered into on October 30, 2018 (the "Amended and Restated Support Agreement")) with certain holders collectively owning or controlling not less than $380 million aggregate principal amount of the Senior Notes, representing approximately 65% of the Senior Notes (collectively, the "Consenting Noteholders"). The Amended and Restated Support Agreement incrementally included a group of lenders for the Credit Facility term loan holding over 50% of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Credit Facility term loan (collectively, the "Credit Facility Lenders"). The Consenting Noteholders and Credit Facility Lenders have committed to support and fully participate in proposed agreed upon transactions that would result in the refinancing of the Senior Notes, if consummated. See Note 14, Subsequent Events, for further information. While management continues to negotiate refinancing terms with its debt holders, as of the issuance date of these financial statements, Brinks Home Security has not refinanced the Senior Notes and there can be no assurances that the negotiations management is pursuing will result in the consummation of transactions that would refinance the Senior Notes.

(3)    Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). ASU 2016-02 requires the lessee to recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms of more than twelve months. For leases with a term of twelve months or less, the Company is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. Further, ASU 2016-02 requires a finance lease to be recognized as both an interest expense and an amortization of the associated asset. Operating leases generally recognize the associated expense on a straight line basis. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, clarifies certain aspects of ASU 2016-12 and the two updates will be adopted concurrently. ASU 2016-02 requires leases to be recognized and measured at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach upon adoption. However, ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements provides an alternative transition method by which leases are recognized at the date

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of adoption and a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings is recognized in the period of adoption. The Company plans to adopt using this alternative and is currently evaluating the impact that these standards will have on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

(4)    Revenue Recognition

Topic 606 amends and supersedes FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 605, Revenue Recognition ("Topic 605"). The core principle of Topic 606 is that revenue will be recognized when the transfer of promised goods or services to customers is made in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

Accounting Policy for Periods Commencing January 1, 2018

Brinks Home Security offers its subscribers professional alarm monitoring services, as well as interactive and home automation services, through equipment at the subscriber's site that communicates with Brinks Home Security’s central monitoring station and interfaces with other equipment at the site and third party technology companies for interactive and home automation services. These services are typically provided under alarm monitoring agreements (“AMAs”) between Brinks Home Security and the subscriber. The equipment at the site is either obtained independently from Brinks Home Security’s network of third party Authorized Dealers or directly from Brinks Home Security via its direct-to-consumer sales channel. Brinks Home Security also offers equipment sales and installation services and, to its existing subscribers, maintenance services on existing alarm equipment. Brinks Home Security also collects fees for contract monitoring, which are services provided to other security alarm companies for monitoring their accounts on a wholesale basis and other fees from subscribers for late fee or insufficient fund charges.

Revenue under subscriber AMAs is allocated to alarm monitoring revenue and, if applicable, product and installation revenue based on the stand alone selling prices (“SSP”) of each performance obligation as a percentage of the total SSP of all performance obligations. Allocated alarm monitoring revenue is recognized as the monthly service is provided. Allocated product and installation revenue is recognized when the product sale is complete or shipped and the installation service is provided, typically at inception of the AMA. Product and installation revenue is not applicable to AMA's acquired from Authorized Dealers in their initial term. Any cash not received from the subscriber at the time of product sale and installation is recognized as a contract asset at inception of the AMA and is subsequently amortized over the subscriber contract term as a reduction of the amounts billed for professional alarm monitoring, interactive and home automation services. If a subscriber cancels the AMA within the negotiated term, any existing contract asset is determined to be impaired and is immediately expensed in full to Selling, general and administrative expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

Maintenance services are billed and recognized as revenue when the services are completed in the home and agreed to by the subscriber under the subscriber AMA. Contract monitoring fees are recognized as alarm monitoring revenue as the monitoring service is provided. Other fees are recognized as other revenue when billed to the subscriber which coincides with the timing of when the services are provided.

Disaggregation of Revenue

Revenue is disaggregated by source of revenue as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Alarm monitoring revenue
$
125,004

 
134,317

 
$
374,689

 
407,660

Product and installation revenue
11,360

 
2,899

 
28,984

 
9,328

Other revenue
792

 
995

 
2,249

 
2,921

Total Net revenue
$
137,156

 
138,211

 
$
405,922

 
419,909


Contract Balances

The following table provides information about receivables, contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers (in thousands):

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September 30, 2018
 
At adoption
Trade receivables, net
$
13,162

 
12,645

Contract assets, net - current portion (a)
13,836

 
14,197

Contract assets, net - long-term portion (b)
16,621

 
10,377

Deferred revenue
12,069

 
12,892

 
(a)        Amount is included in Prepaid and other current assets in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(b)        Amount is included in Other assets in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Changes in Accounting Policies

The Company adopted Topic 606, effective January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective transition method. Under the modified retrospective transition method, the Company evaluated active AMAs on the adoption date as if each AMA had been accounted for under Topic 606 from its inception. Some revenue related to AMAs originated through Brinks Home Security's direct-to-consumer channel or through extensions that would have been recognized in future periods under Topic 605 were recast under Topic 606 as if revenue had been accelerated and recognized in prior periods, as it was allocated to product and installation performance obligations. A contract asset was recorded as of the adoption date for any cash that has yet to be collected on the accelerated revenue. As this transition method requires that the Company not adjust historical reported revenue amounts, the accelerated revenue that would have been recognized under this method prior to the adoption date was recorded as an adjustment to opening retained earnings and, thus, will not be recognized as revenue in future periods as previously required under Topic 605. Therefore, the comparative information has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under Topic 605.

Under Topic 605, revenue provided under the AMA was recognized as the services were provided, based on the recurring monthly revenue amount billed for each month under contract. Product, installation and service revenue generally was recognized as billed and incurred. Under Topic 606, the Company concluded that certain product and installation services sold or provided to our customers at AMA inception are capable of being distinct and are distinct within the context of the contract. As such, when Brinks Home Security initiates an AMA with a customer directly and provides equipment and installation services, each component is considered a performance obligation that must have revenue allocated accordingly. The allocation is based on the SSP of each performance obligation as a percentage of the total SSP of all performance obligations multiplied by the total consideration, or cash, expected to be received over the contract term. These AMAs may relate to new customers originated by Brinks Home Security through its direct-to-consumer channel or existing customers who agree to new contract terms through customer service offerings. For AMAs with multiple performance obligations, management notes that a certain amount of the revenue billed on a recurring monthly basis is recognized earlier under Topic 606 than it was recognized under Topic 605, as a portion of that revenue is allocated to the equipment sale and installation, which is satisfied upon delivery of the product and performance of the installation services at AMA inception.

Revenue on AMAs originated through the Authorized Dealer program are not impacted by Topic 606 in their initial term, as the customer contracts for the equipment sale and installation separately with the Authorized Dealer prior to Brinks Home Security purchasing the AMA from the Authorized Dealer. Revenue on these customers is recognized as the service is provided based on the recurring monthly revenue amount billed for each month of the AMA. Maintenance service revenue for repair of existing alarm equipment at the subscribers' premises will continue to be billed and recognized based on their SSP at the time Brinks Home Security performs the services.

Topic 606 also requires the deferral of incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. Certain direct and incremental costs were capitalized under Topic 605, including on new AMAs obtained in connection with a subscriber move (“Moves Costs”). Under Topic 606, Moves Costs are expensed as incurred to accompany the allocated revenue recognized upon product and installation performance obligations recognized at the AMA inception. There are no other significant changes in contract costs that are capitalized or the period over which they are expensed.

Impacts on Financial Statements

The significant effects of adopting Topic 606 are changes to Prepaid and other current assets, Subscriber accounts, net, Other assets, net, Net revenue, Cost of services, Selling, general and administrative and Amortization of subscriber accounts for the period beginning January 1, 2018 for AMAs initiated by Brinks Home Security with the customer directly with multiple

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performance obligations, as a portion of that revenue is allocated to the equipment sale and installation, which is satisfied upon delivery of the product and performance of the installation services at AMA inception.

The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting Topic 606 on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (in thousands):

i. Condensed consolidated balance sheets
 
Impact of changes in accounting policies
 
As reported
September 30, 2018
 
Adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of Topic 606
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
137,561

 

 
137,561

Restricted cash
133

 

 
133

Marketable securities, at fair value

 

 

Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
13,162

 

 
13,162

Prepaid and other current assets
25,883

 
(13,836
)
 
12,047

Total current assets
176,739

 
(13,836
)
 
162,903

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
36,568

 

 
36,568

Subscriber accounts and deferred contract acquisition costs, net of accumulated amortization
1,215,831

 
47,095

 
1,262,926

Dealer network and other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization

 

 

Goodwill
349,149

 

 
349,149

Other assets, net
36,819

 
(16,621
)
 
20,198

Total assets
$
1,815,106

 
16,638

 
1,831,744

Liabilities and Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity
 

 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
11,661

 

 
11,661

Accrued payroll and related liabilities
6,513

 

 
6,513

Other accrued liabilities
46,840

 

 
46,840

Deferred revenue
12,069

 
1,133

 
13,202

Holdback liability
10,766

 

 
10,766

Current portion of long-term debt
11,000

 

 
11,000

Total current liabilities
98,849

 
1,133

 
99,982

Non-current liabilities:
 

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
1,869,502

 

 
1,869,502

Long-term holdback liability
2,031

 

 
2,031

Derivative financial instruments
1,139

 

 
1,139

Deferred income tax liability, net
15,298

 

 
15,298

Other liabilities
2,858

 

 
2,858

Total liabilities
1,989,677

 
1,133

 
1,990,810

Commitments and contingencies


 

 

Stockholders’ (deficit) equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

 

Series A common stock
121

 

 
121

Series B common stock
4

 

 
4

Series C common stock

 

 

Additional paid-in capital
1,425,379

 

 
1,425,379

Accumulated deficit
(1,615,743
)
 
15,505

 
(1,600,238
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income, net
15,668

 

 
15,668

Total stockholders’ (deficit) equity
(174,571
)
 
15,505

 
(159,066
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ (deficit) equity
$
1,815,106

 
16,638

 
1,831,744



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ii. Condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss)
 
Impact of changes in accounting policies
 
As reported
three months ended
September 30, 2018
 
Adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of Topic 606
Net revenue
$
137,156

 
(4,216
)
 
132,940

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services
35,059

 
(1,774
)
 
33,285

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation
38,199

 
(103
)
 
38,096

Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets
52,671

 
1,870

 
54,541

Depreciation
2,886

 

 
2,886

Loss on goodwill impairment

 

 

 
128,815

 
(7
)
 
128,808

Operating loss
8,341

 
(4,209
)
 
4,132

Other expense (income), net:
 

 
 
 
 
Interest income
(624
)
 

 
(624
)
Interest expense
40,943

 

 
40,943

Refinancing expense
6,731

 

 
6,731

Other expense, net
40

 

 
40

 
47,090

 

 
47,090

Loss before income taxes
(38,749
)
 
(4,209
)
 
(42,958
)
Income tax expense
1,346

 

 
1,346

Net loss
(40,095
)
 
(4,209
)
 
(44,304
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 
 
 
Unrealized holding loss on marketable securities, net

 

 

Unrealized gain on derivative contracts, net
3,269

 

 
3,269

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
3,269

 

 
3,269

Comprehensive loss
$
(36,826
)
 
(4,209
)
 
(41,035
)


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Impact of changes in accounting policies
 
As reported
nine months ended
September 30, 2018
 
Adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of Topic 606
Net revenue
$
405,922

 
(6,986
)
 
398,936

Operating expenses:
 

 
 
 
 
Cost of services
100,807

 
(5,292
)
 
95,515

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation
109,992

 
(112
)
 
109,880

Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets
160,973

 
5,633

 
166,606

Depreciation
8,378

 

 
8,378

Loss on goodwill impairment
214,400

 

 
214,400

 
594,550

 
229

 
594,779

Operating loss
(188,628
)
 
(7,215
)
 
(195,843
)
Other expense (income), net:
 

 
 
 
 
Interest income
(1,879
)
 

 
(1,879
)
Interest expense
120,017

 

 
120,017

Refinancing expense
6,731

 

 
6,731

Other income, net
(2,236
)
 

 
(2,236
)
 
122,633

 

 
122,633

Loss before income taxes
(311,261
)
 
(7,215
)
 
(318,476
)
Income tax expense
4,039

 

 
4,039

Net loss
(315,300
)
 
(7,215
)
 
(322,515
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 
 
 
Unrealized holding loss on marketable securities, net
(3,900
)
 

 
(3,900
)
Unrealized gain on derivative contracts, net
23,196

 

 
23,196

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
19,296

 

 
19,296

Comprehensive loss
$
(296,004
)
 
(7,215
)
 
(303,219
)


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iii. Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows
 
Impact of changes in accounting policies
 
As reported
nine months ended
September 30, 2018
 
Adjustments
 
Balances without adoption of Topic 606
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(315,300
)
 
(7,215
)
 
(322,515
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 
 
 
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets
160,973

 
5,633

 
166,606

Depreciation
8,378

 

 
8,378

Stock-based and long-term incentive compensation
1,600

 

 
1,600

Deferred income tax expense
1,987

 

 
1,987

Refinancing expense
6,731

 

 
6,731

Amortization of debt discount and deferred debt costs
9,108

 

 
9,108

Bad debt expense
8,511

 

 
8,511

Goodwill impairment
214,400

 

 
214,400

Other non-cash activity, net
(186
)
 

 
(186
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 
 
 
Trade receivables
(9,028
)
 

 
(9,028
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(8,359
)
 
7,016

 
(1,343
)
Subscriber accounts - deferred contract acquisition costs
(4,529
)
 
89

 
(4,440
)
Payables and other liabilities
(4,752
)
 
(825
)
 
(5,577
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
69,534

 
4,698

 
74,232

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(11,513
)
 

 
(11,513
)
Cost of subscriber accounts acquired
(111,531
)
 
(4,698
)
 
(116,229
)
Purchases of marketable securities
(39,022
)
 

 
(39,022
)
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities
143,316

 

 
143,316

Net cash used in investing activities
(18,750
)
 
(4,698
)
 
(23,448
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
218,950

 

 
218,950

Payments on long-term debt
(136,600
)
 

 
(136,600
)
Payments of financing costs
(5,734
)
 

 
(5,734
)
Value of shares withheld for share-based compensation
(171
)
 

 
(171
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
76,445

 

 
76,445

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
127,229

 

 
127,229

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
10,465

 

 
10,465

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
137,694

 

 
137,694



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(5)    Investments in Marketable Securities
 
In the third quarter of 2018, Ascent Capital divested of all marketable securities, which primarily consisted of diversified corporate bond funds. The following table presents a summary of amounts recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets (amounts in thousands):
 
 
As of September 30, 2018
 
 
Cost Basis
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Total
Mutual funds
 
$

 

 

 

Ending balance
 
$

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2017
 
 
Cost Basis
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Total
Equity securities
 
$
3,432

 
2,039

 

 
5,471

Mutual funds (a)
 
98,628

 
1,859

 

 
100,487

Ending balance
 
$
102,060

 
3,898

 

 
105,958

 
(a)
Primarily consists of corporate bond funds.

The following table provides the realized and unrealized investment gains and losses recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations (amounts in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net gains and (losses) recognized during the period on trading securities
$
(40
)
 
(2
)
 
$
2,234

 
1

Less: Net gains and (losses) recognized during the period on trading securities sold during the period
(40
)
 
(2
)
 
2,234

 
1

Unrealized gains and (losses) recognized during the reporting period on trading securities still held at the reporting date
$

 

 
$

 


(6)    Goodwill

The following table provides the activity and balances of goodwill by reporting unit (amounts in thousands):
 
 
MONI
 
LiveWatch
 
Brinks Home
Security
 
Total
Balance at 12/31/2017
 
$
527,502

 
$
36,047

 
$

 
$
563,549

Goodwill impairment
 
(214,400
)
 

 

 
(214,400
)
Reporting unit reallocation
 
(313,102
)
 
(36,047
)
 
349,149

 

Balance at 9/30/2018
 
$

 
$

 
$
349,149

 
$
349,149

 
The Company accounts for its goodwill pursuant to the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other ("FASB ASC Topic 350"). In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 350, goodwill is not amortized, but rather tested for impairment annually, or earlier if an event occurs, or circumstances change, that indicate the fair value of a reporting unit may be below its carrying amount.

As of May 31, 2018, the Company determined that a triggering event had occurred due to a sustained decrease in the Company's share price. In response to the triggering event, the Company performed a quantitative impairment test for both the MONI and LiveWatch reporting units. Fair value was determined using a combination of the income-based approach (using a discount rate of 8.50%) and market-based approach for the MONI reporting unit and an income-based approach (using a discount rate of 8.50%) for the LiveWatch reporting unit. Based on the analysis, the fair value of the LiveWatch reporting unit substantially exceeded its carrying value, while the carrying amount for the MONI reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value, which indicated an impairment at the MONI reporting unit.


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The Company early adopted ASU 2017-04, which eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, and as such, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. Applying this methodology, we recorded an impairment charge of $214,400,000 for the MONI reporting unit during the three months ended June 30, 2018. Factors leading to the impairment are primarily the experience of overall lower account acquisition in recent periods. Using this information, we adjusted the growth outlook for this reporting unit, which resulted in reductions in future cash flows and a lower fair value calculation under the income-based approach. Additionally, decreases in observable market share prices for comparable companies in the quarter reduced the fair value calculated under the market-based approach.

In early June 2018, the reportable segments known as MONI and LiveWatch were combined and presented as Brinks Home Security. Refer to Note 1, Basis of Presentation, for further discussion on the change in reportable segments. As a result of the change in reportable segments, goodwill assigned to these former reporting units of $313,102,000 and $36,047,000, for MONI and LiveWatch, respectively, have been reallocated and combined as of June 30, 2018 under the Brinks Home Security reporting unit.

(7)    Other Accrued Liabilities
 
Other accrued liabilities consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Interest payable
$
28,403

 
$
15,927

Income taxes payable
2,289

 
2,950

Legal settlement reserve (a)

 
23,000

Other
16,148

 
10,452

Total Other accrued liabilities
$
46,840

 
$
52,329

 
(a)        See note 13, Commitments, Contingencies and Other Liabilities, for further information.

(8)    Long-Term Debt
 
Long-term debt consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Ascent Capital 4.00% Convertible Senior Notes due July 15, 2020 with an effective rate of 9.1%
$
86,285

 
$
82,614

Brinks Home Security 9.125% Senior Notes due April 1, 2020 with an effective rate of 9.5%
581,686

 
580,159

Brinks Home Security term loan, matures September 30, 2022, LIBOR plus 5.50%, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.00%, with an effective rate of 8.2%
1,054,933

 
1,059,598

Brinks Home Security $295 million revolving credit facility, matures September 30, 2021, LIBOR plus 4.00%, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.00%, with an effective rate of 3.5%
157,598

 
66,673

 
1,880,502

 
1,789,044

Less current portion of long-term debt
(11,000
)
 
(11,000
)
Long-term debt
$
1,869,502

 
$
1,778,044


Ascent Capital Convertible Senior Notes
 
The Ascent Capital convertible senior notes total $96,775,000 in aggregate principal amount, mature on July 15, 2020 and bear interest at 4.00% per annum (the "Convertible Notes"). Interest on the Convertible Notes is payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 of each year. On August 30, 2018, Ascent Capital entered into a Supplemental Indenture in which the Company surrendered its right to elect to deliver shares of common stock or a combination of cash and shares of common stock upon conversion of the Convertible Notes (the "Convertible Notes Supplemental Indenture"). Following the execution of the Supplemental Indenture, the Company may satisfy its conversion obligation solely in cash.

Under certain circumstances, holders of the Convertible Notes ("Noteholders") have the right, at their option, to convert all or any portion of such Convertible Notes, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, at an initial conversion rate of 9.7272 shares of Series A Common Stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes (subject to adjustment in certain

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situations), which represents an initial conversion price per share of Series A Common Stock of approximately $102.804 (the "Conversion Price").  In addition, Noteholders have the right to submit Convertible Notes for conversion, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, in the event of certain corporate transactions.

In the event of a fundamental change (as such term is defined in the indenture governing the Convertible Notes) at any time prior to the maturity date, each Noteholder shall have the right, at such Noteholder’s option, to require Ascent Capital to repurchase for cash any or all of such Noteholder’s Convertible Notes on the repurchase date specified by Ascent Capital at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, together with accrued and unpaid interest, including unpaid additional interest, if any, unless the repurchase date occurs after an interest record date and on or prior to the related interest payment date, as specified in the indenture.

The Convertible Notes are within the scope of FASB ASC Subtopic 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options, and as such are required to be separated into a liability and equity component. The carrying amount of the liability component is calculated by measuring the fair value of a similar liability (including any embedded features other than the conversion option) that does not have an associated conversion option. The carrying amount of the equity component is determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the initial proceeds ascribed to the Convertible Notes as a whole. The excess of the principal amount of the liability component over its carrying amount, treated as a debt discount, is amortized to interest cost over the expected life of a similar liability that does not have an associated conversion option using the effective interest method. Upon the execution of the Convertible Notes Supplemental Indenture, the conversion option no longer meets the conditions for equity classification as prescribed in FASB ASC Subtopic 815-40, Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity.  As such, the conversion option is bifurcated as a separate derivative and recorded as a liability. Given the significant variance in the Conversion Price and the current market price per share of the Series A Common Stock, the conversion option derivative liability is immaterial.

The Convertible Notes are presented on the consolidated balance sheet as follows (amounts in thousands):
 
As of
September 30,
2018
 
As of
December 31,
2017
Principal
$
96,775

 
$
96,775

Unamortized discount
(9,825
)
 
(13,263
)
Deferred debt costs
(665
)
 
(898
)
Carrying value
$
86,285

 
$
82,614

 
The Company is using an effective interest rate of 14.0% to calculate the accretion of the debt discount, which is being recorded as interest expense over the expected remaining term to maturity of the Convertible Notes.  The Company recognized contractual interest expense of $967,000 and $2,903,000 for both of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. The Company amortized $1,266,000 and $3,671,000 of the Convertible Notes debt discount and deferred debt costs into interest expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $1,102,000 and $3,194,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.
 
Hedging Transactions Relating to the Offering of the Convertible Notes
 
In connection with the issuance of the Convertible Notes, Ascent Capital entered into separate privately negotiated purchased call options (the "Bond Hedge Transactions").  The Bond Hedge Transactions require the counterparties to offset Series A Common Stock deliverable or cash payments made by Ascent Capital upon conversion of the Convertible Notes in the event that the volume-weighted average price of Series A Common Stock on each trading day of the relevant valuation period is greater than the strike price of $102.804, which corresponds to the Conversion Price of the Convertible Notes.  The Bond Hedge Transactions cover, subject to anti-dilution adjustments, approximately 1,007,000 shares of Series A Common Stock, which is equivalent to the number of shares initially issuable upon conversion of the Convertible Notes, and are expected to reduce the potential dilution with respect to the Series A Common Stock, and/or offset potential cash payments Ascent Capital is required to make in excess of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes upon conversion.

Concurrently with the Bond Hedge Transactions, Ascent Capital also entered into separate privately negotiated warrant transactions with each of the call option counterparties (the "Warrant Transactions").  The warrants are European options, and are exercisable in tranches on consecutive trading days starting after the maturity of the Convertible Notes.  The warrants cover the same initial number of shares of Series A Common Stock, subject to anti-dilution adjustments, as the Bond Hedge Transactions.  The Warrant Transactions require Ascent Capital to deliver Series A Common Stock or make cash payments to

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the counterparties on each expiration date with a value equal to the number of warrants exercisable on that date times the excess of the volume-weighted average price of the Series A Common Stock over the strike price of $118.62, which effectively reflects a 50% conversion premium on the Convertible Notes.  As such, the Warrant Transactions may have a dilutive effect with respect to the Series A Common Stock to the extent the Warrant Transactions are settled with shares of Series A Common Stock. Ascent Capital may elect to settle its delivery obligation under the Warrant Transactions in cash.

The Bond Hedge Transactions and Warrant Transactions are separate transactions entered into by Ascent Capital, are not part of the terms of the Convertible Notes and will not affect the Noteholders’ rights under the Convertible Notes.  The Noteholders will not have any rights with respect to the Bond Hedge Transactions or the Warrant Transactions.

Brinks Home Security Senior Notes

The Brinks Home Security Senior Notes total $585,000,000 in principal, mature on April 1, 2020 and bear interest at 9.125% per annum.  Interest payments are due semi-annually on April 1 and October 1 of each year. The Senior Notes are guaranteed by all of Brinks Home Security’s existing domestic subsidiaries.  Ascent Capital has not guaranteed any of Brinks Home Security's obligations under the Senior Notes. As of September 30, 2018, the Senior Notes had deferred financing costs and unamortized premium, net of accumulated amortization of $3,314,000.

Brinks Home Security Credit Facility

On September 30, 2016, Brinks Home Security entered into an amendment ("Amendment No. 6") with the lenders of its existing senior secured credit agreement dated March 23, 2012, and as amended and restated on April 9, 2015, February 17, 2015, August 16, 2013, March 25, 2013, and November 7, 2012 (the "Existing Credit Agreement"). Amendment No. 6 provided for, among other things, the issuance of a $1,100,000,000 senior secured term loan at a 1.5% discount and a new $295,000,000 super priority revolver (the Existing Credit Agreement together with Amendment No. 6, the "Credit Facility").

On September 27, 2018, Brinks Home Security borrowed an incremental $26,691,000 on its Credit Facility revolver to fund its October 1, 2018 interest payment due under the Senior Notes.

As of September 30, 2018, the Credit Facility term loan has a principal amount of $1,078,000,000, maturing on September 30, 2022. The term loan requires quarterly interest payments and quarterly principal payments of $2,750,000. The term loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 5.5%, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.0%. The Credit Facility revolver has a principal amount outstanding of $159,100,000 as of September 30, 2018 and matures on September 30, 2021. The Credit Facility revolver bears interest at LIBOR plus 4.0%, subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.0%. There is a commitment fee of 0.5% on unused portions of the Credit Facility revolver. As of September 30, 2018, $135,900,000 is available for borrowing under the Credit Facility revolver subject to certain financial covenants.

The maturity date for each of the term loan and the revolving credit facility under the Credit Facility is subject to a springing maturity 181 days prior to the scheduled maturity date of the Senior Notes, or October 3, 2019 (the "Springing Maturity"), if Brinks Home Security is unable to refinance the Senior Notes by that date. In addition, if Brinks Home Security is unable to refinance the Senior Notes, or demonstrate the ability to meet its financial covenants for a period of twelve months after the issuance date, prior to the filing with the SEC of their Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, they may be subject to a going concern qualification in connection with their external audit report, which would be an event of default under the Credit Facility. At any time after the occurrence of an event of default under the Credit Facility, the lenders may, among other options, declare any amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility immediately due and payable and terminate any commitment to make further loans under the Credit Facility. Also, failure to comply with restrictions contained in the Senior Notes could lead to an event of default under the Credit Facility.

The Credit Facility is secured by a pledge of all of the outstanding stock of Brinks Home Security and all of its existing subsidiaries and is guaranteed by all of Brinks Home Security's existing domestic subsidiaries.  Ascent Capital has not guaranteed any of Brinks Home Security's obligations under the Credit Facility.
 
As of September 30, 2018, Brinks Home Security has deferred financing costs and unamortized discounts, net of accumulated amortization, of $24,569,000 related to the Credit Facility.
 
In order to reduce the financial risk related to changes in interest rates associated with the floating rate term loan under the Credit Facility term loan, Brinks Home Security has entered into interest rate swap agreements with terms similar to the Credit Facility term loan (all outstanding interest rate swap agreements are collectively referred to as the “Swaps”). The Swaps have been designated as effective hedges of the Company’s variable rate debt and qualify for hedge accounting.  As a result of these

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interest rate swaps, Brinks Home Security's effective weighted average interest rate (excluding the impacts of non-cash amortization of deferred debt costs and discounts) on the borrowings under the Credit Facility term loan was 7.99% as of September 30, 2018. See note 9, Derivatives, for further disclosures related to these derivative instruments. 
 
The terms of the Convertible Notes, the Senior Notes and the Credit Facility provide for certain financial and nonfinancial covenants.  As of September 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all required covenants under these financing arrangements.

As of September 30, 2018, principal payments scheduled to be made on the Company’s debt obligations, assuming no Springing Maturity of the Credit Facility, are as follows (amounts in thousands):
Remainder of 2018
$
2,750

2019
11,000

2020
692,775

2021
170,100

2022
1,042,250

2023

Thereafter

Total principal payments
1,918,875

Less:


Unamortized deferred debt costs, discounts and premium, net
38,373

Total debt on condensed consolidated balance sheet
$
1,880,502


(9)    Derivatives

Brinks Home Security utilizes Swaps to reduce the interest rate risk inherent in Brinks Home Security's variable rate Credit Facility term loan. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves and implied volatility. The Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. See note 10, Fair Value Measurements, for additional information about the credit valuation adjustments.

All of the Swaps are designated and qualify as cash flow hedging instruments, with the effective portion of the Swaps' change in fair value recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).  Changes in the fair value of the Swaps recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are reclassified to Interest expense when the hedged interest payments on the underlying debt are recognized.  Amounts in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) expected to be recognized as a reduction of Interest expense in the coming 12 months total approximately $1,810,000.

As of September 30, 2018, the Swaps’ outstanding notional balances, effective dates, maturity dates and interest rates paid and received are noted below:
Notional
 
Effective Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Fixed Rate Paid
 
Variable Rate Received
$
189,998,331

 
March 23, 2018
 
April 9, 2022
 
3.110%
 
3 mo. USD-LIBOR-BBA, subject to a 1.00% floor (a)
248,125,000

 
March 23, 2018
 
April 9, 2022
 
3.110%
 
3 mo. USD-LIBOR-BBA, subject to a 1.00% floor (a)
49,625,000

 
March 23, 2018
 
April 9, 2022
 
2.504%
 
3 mo. USD-LIBOR-BBA, subject to a 1.00% floor
374,172,500

 
March 23, 2018
 
September 30, 2022
 
1.833%
 
3 mo. USD-LIBOR-BBA, subject to a 1.00% floor
 
(a) 
On September 30, 2016, Brinks Home Security negotiated amendments to the terms of these interest rate swap agreements (the "Existing Swap Agreements," as amended, the "Amended Swaps").  The Amended Swaps are held with the same counterparties as the Existing Swap Agreements.  Upon entering into the Amended Swaps, Brinks Home Security simultaneously dedesignated the Existing Swap Agreements and redesignated the

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Amended Swaps as cash flow hedges for the underlying change in the swap terms.  The amounts previously recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relating to the dedesignation are recognized in Interest expense over the remaining life of the Amended Swaps.

The impact of the derivatives designated as cash flow hedges on the condensed consolidated financial statements is depicted below (amounts in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Effective portion of gain (loss) recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
$
3,165

 
(914
)
 
$
21,929

 
(8,890
)
Effective portion of loss reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into Net loss (a)
$
(104
)
 
(1,141
)
 
$
(1,267
)
 
(4,389
)
Ineffective portion of amount of loss recognized into Net loss (a)
$

 
(65
)
 
$

 
(157
)
 
(a)        Amounts are included in Interest expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Upon the adoption of ASU 2017-12 on January 1, 2018, ineffectiveness is no longer measured or recognized.

(10)    Fair Value Measurements
 
According to the FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants and requires that assets and liabilities carried at fair value are classified and disclosed in the following three categories:
 
Level 1 - Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar instruments in active or inactive markets and valuations derived from models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets.
Level 3 - Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable in any market.

The following summarizes the fair value level of assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (amounts in thousands): 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
September 30, 2018
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate swap agreements - assets (a)
$

 
17,564

 

 
17,564

Interest rate swap agreements - liabilities (a)

 
(1,139
)
 

 
(1,139
)
Total
$

 
16,425

 

 
16,425

December 31, 2017
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investments in marketable securities (b)
$
105,958

 

 

 
105,958

Interest rate swap agreements - assets (a)

 
7,058

 

 
7,058

Interest rate swap agreements - liabilities (a)

 
(13,817
)
 

 
(13,817
)
Total
$
105,958

 
(6,759
)
 

 
99,199

 
(a)
Swap asset values are included in non-current Other assets and Swap liability values are included in non-current Derivative financial instruments on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(b)
Level 1 investments primarily consist of diversified corporate bond funds.
 
The Company has determined that the significant inputs used to value the Swaps fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.  As a result, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

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Carrying values and fair values of financial instruments that are not carried at fair value are as follows (amounts in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Long term debt, including current portion:
 

 
 

Carrying value
$
1,880,502

 
1,789,044

Fair value (a)
1,707,626

 
1,709,342

 
(a) 
The fair value is based on market quotations from third party financial institutions and is classified as Level 2 in the hierarchy.
 
Ascent Capital’s other financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable are carried at cost, which approximates their fair value because of their short-term maturity.

(11)    Stockholders’ Equity
 
Common Stock
 
The following table presents the activity in Series A Common Stock and Ascent Capital's Series B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Series B Common Stock"), for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
 
Series A
Common Stock
 
Series B
Common Stock
Balance at December 31, 2017
11,999,630

 
381,528

Issuance of stock awards
13,153

 

Restricted stock canceled for tax withholding
(10,680
)
 

Balance at March 31, 2018
12,002,103

 
381,528

Issuance of stock awards
51,036

 

Restricted stock canceled for tax withholding
(20,769
)
 

Balance at June 30, 2018
12,032,370

 
381,528

Issuance of stock awards
29,591

 

Restricted stock canceled for tax withholding
(9,258
)
 

Balance at September 30, 2018
12,052,703

 
381,528

 

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Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The following table provides a summary of the changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the period presented (amounts in thousands):
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Unrealized
 Holding
 Gains and 
Losses on
Marketable
Securities, net
 
Unrealized
 Gains and
Losses on
 Derivative
Instruments, net (a)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
(758
)
 
3,900

 
(7,375
)
 
(4,233
)
Impact of adoption of ASU 2017-12

 

 
605

 
605

Adjusted balance at January 1, 2018
$
(758
)
 
3,900

 
(6,770
)
 
(3,628
)
Gain (loss) through Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax of $0

 
(1,014
)
 
13,668

 
12,654

Reclassifications of loss (gain) into Net loss, net of income tax of $0

 
(2,063
)
 
738

 
(1,325
)
Net period Other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(3,077
)
 
14,406

 
11,329

Balance at March 31, 2018
$
(758
)
 
823

 
7,636

 
7,701

Gain (loss) through Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax of $0

 
(611
)
 
5,096

 
4,485

Reclassifications of loss (gain) into Net loss, net of income tax of $0

 
(212
)
 
425

 
213

Net period Other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(823
)
 
5,521

 
4,698

Balance at June 30, 2018
$
(758
)
 

 
13,157

 
12,399

Gain through Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax of $0

 

 
3,165

 
3,165

Reclassifications of loss into Net loss, net of income tax of $0

 

 
104

 
104

Net period Other comprehensive income

 

 
3,269

 
3,269

Balance at September 30, 2018
$
(758
)
 

 
16,426

 
15,668

 
(a)
Amounts reclassified into net loss are included in Interest expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.  See note 9, Derivatives, for further information.

(12)    Basic and Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share—Series A and Series B
 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share ("EPS") is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of Series A and Series B Common Stock outstanding for the period.  Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of Series A and Series B Common Stock outstanding and the effect of dilutive securities, including the Company's outstanding stock options, unvested restricted stock and restricted stock units.

For all periods presented, diluted EPS is computed the same as basic EPS because the Company recorded a loss from continuing operations, which would make potentially dilutive securities anti-dilutive. Diluted shares outstanding excluded an aggregate of 581,891 unvested restricted shares and performance units for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. Diluted shares outstanding excluded an aggregate of 247,148 unvested restricted shares and performance units for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted average number of shares of Series A and Series B Common Stock
12,361,495

 
12,207,649

 
12,329,497

 
12,170,367



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(13)    Commitments, Contingencies and Other Liabilities

Brinks Home Security was named as a defendant in multiple putative class actions consolidated in U.S. District Court (Northern District of West Virginia) on behalf of purported class(es) of persons who claim to have received telemarketing calls in violation of various state and federal laws. The actions were brought by plaintiffs seeking monetary damages on behalf of all plaintiffs who received telemarketing calls made by a Brinks Home Security Authorized Dealer, or any Authorized Dealer’s lead generator or sub-dealer. In the second quarter of 2017, Brinks Home Security and the plaintiffs agreed to settle this litigation for $28,000,000 ("the Settlement Amount"). In the third quarter of 2017, Brinks Home Security paid $5,000,000 of the Settlement Amount pursuant to the settlement agreement with the plaintiffs. In the third quarter of 2018, Brinks Home Security paid the remaining $23,000,000 of the Settlement Amount. Brinks Home Security is actively seeking to recover the Settlement Amount under its insurance policies held with multiple carriers.  On November 1, 2018, Brinks Home Security settled its claim against one such carrier in which the carrier agreed to pay Brinks Home Security $9,750,000 in the fourth quarter of 2018.  This amount will be recognized in the consolidated statement of operations at such time.  Brinks Home Security continues to seek to recover additional funds under its insurance policies from the remaining carriers.

In addition to the above, the Company is also involved in litigation and similar claims incidental to the conduct of its business, including from time to time, contractual disputes, claims related to alleged security system failures and claims related to alleged violations of the U.S. Telephone Consumer Protection Act. Matters that are probable of unfavorable outcome to the Company and which can be reasonably estimated are accrued. Such accruals are based on information known about the matters, management's estimate of the outcomes of such matters and experience in contesting, litigating and settling similar matters. In management's opinion, none of the pending actions are likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial position or results of operations. The Company accrues and expenses legal fees related to loss contingency matters as incurred.

Other Legal Proceedings

On August 27, 2018, holders purporting to own approximately 68% of the Convertible Notes filed a complaint in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware against Ascent Capital and each of its directors and executive officers.

On September 5, 2018, holders purporting to own approximately 69% of the Convertible Notes filed an amended complaint in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against Ascent Capital and each of its directors and executive officers, and a motion for a preliminary injunction seeking to prevent Ascent Capital from consummating the exchange offer related to the Senior Notes of Brinks Home Security announced by Ascent Capital and Brinks Home Security on August 30, 2018.

On October 1, 2018, holders purporting to own approximately 78% of the Convertible Notes filed a second amended complaint in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against Ascent Capital and each of its directors and executive officers, and an amended motion for a preliminary injunction seeking to prevent Ascent Capital from consummating the transactions announced by Ascent Capital and Brinks Home Security on September 25, 2018.

On October 22, 2018, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware entered a Third Scheduling Order Governing Plaintiffs’ Motion for Preliminary Injunction (“the Scheduling Order”). The Scheduling Order provides, among other things, that the preliminary injunction hearing will be held on December 5, 2018.

On November 2, 2018, holders purporting to own approximately 53% of the Convertible Notes (the “Plaintiffs”) filed a third amended complaint (the “Third Amended Complaint”) in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against Ascent Capital and each of its directors and executive officers. The Third Amended Complaint alleges that Ascent Capital’s participation in the transactions announced by Ascent Capital and Brinks Home Security on October 30, 2018 (the “October 30th Transactions”) would be detrimental to Ascent Capital and, if consummated, would result in Ascent Capital becoming insolvent. The Third Amended Complaint further alleges that the October 30th Transactions would (i) result in a breach of Ascent Capital’s directors’ fiduciary duties to Ascent Capital and (ii) constitute a constructive or intentional fraudulent transfer by using assets of Ascent Capital necessary for the repayment of the Notes for other purposes. The Third Amended Complaint seeks (i) injunctive relief to prevent Ascent Capital from engaging in the October 30th Transactions, which would allegedly dissipate Ascent Capital’s assets, and (ii) a declaratory judgment that approval of the October 30th Transactions constitutes a breach of fiduciary duty by Ascent Capital’s directors and that consummation of the October 30th Transactions would constitute a fraudulent transfer by Ascent Capital. Also on November 2, 2018, the Plaintiffs filed an amended motion for a preliminary injunction seeking to prevent Ascent Capital from consummating the October 30th Transactions.

The Third Amended Complaint could be amended, or similar claims could be brought, challenging the October 30th Transactions, and we cannot assure you that such claims will be unsuccessful, will not require us to pay damages (including costs and expenses of the action) or will not have a material effect on any such October 30th Transactions. Ascent Capital

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believes that the claims in the Third Amended Complaint are meritless, and Ascent Capital intends to vigorously defend against this action.

(14)    Subsequent Events

On October 30, 2018, Ascent Capital and Brinks Home Security entered into the Amended and Restated Support Agreement. Under the agreement, Brinks Home Security will commence an Exchange Offer for its Senior Notes (the "Exchange Offer") and commence a consent solicitation for certain proposed amendments to its Credit Facility (the "Bank Amendments"), both described in the Amended and Restated Support Agreement. Ascent Capital will contribute $75 million in cash to Brinks Home Security under the terms of the Amended and Restated Support Agreement.

Pursuant to the Bank Amendments, the interest rate per annum payable in respect of the Credit Facility term loan shall be increased by 100 basis points and the interest rate per annum payable in respect of the Credit Facility revolver shall be increased by 75 basis points. In addition, Brinks Home Security would seek to amend certain restrictive covenants in the Credit Facility as described in the Amended and Restated Support Agreement, including the ability for Brinks Home Security to issue second lien notes. Additionally, the total availability under the Credit Facility revolver would be permanently decreased from $295 million to $250 million.

Pursuant to the Exchange Offer, Brinks Home Security would make an offer to eligible holders of its Senior Notes to exchange them for new Second Lien Notes due 2023 (the "Second Lien Notes") and solicit the consent of such holders to eliminate or waive all or substantially all restrictive covenants and events of default in the indenture governing the Senior Notes. The interest payable in respect of the new Second Lien Notes will be paid 5.5% per annum in cash and 6.5% per annum in kind.

If the Bank Amendments are not completed by a certain date, Brinks Home Security will commence an alternative exchange offer of new unsecured notes and cash in exchange for the existing Senior Notes.

Ascent Capital, Brinks Home Security, the Consenting Noteholders and the Credit Facility Lenders all have certain termination rights as defined in the Amended and Restated Support Agreement.

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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, marketing and operating strategies, integration of acquired businesses, new service offerings, the availability of debt refinancing, the consummation of proposed debt refinancing transactions, financial prospects and anticipated sources and uses of capital. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. The following include some but not all of the factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:
 
general business conditions and industry trends;
macroeconomic conditions and their effect on the general economy and on the U.S. housing market, in particular single family homes, which represent Brinks Home Security's largest demographic;
uncertainties in the development of our business strategies, including the rebranding to Brinks Home Security and market acceptance of new products and services;
the competitive environment in which Brinks Home Security operates, in particular, increasing competition in the alarm monitoring industry from larger existing competitors and new market entrants, including technology, telecommunications and cable companies;
the development of new services or service innovations by competitors;
Brinks Home Security's ability to acquire and integrate additional accounts, including competition for dealers with other alarm monitoring companies which could cause an increase in expected subscriber acquisition costs;
integration of acquired assets and businesses;
the regulatory environment in which we operate, including the multiplicity of jurisdictions, state and federal consumer protection laws and licensing requirements to which Brinks Home Security and/or its dealers are subject and the risk of new regulations, such as the increasing adoption of "false alarm" ordinances;
technological changes which could result in the obsolescence of currently utilized technology with the need for significant upgrade expenditures;
the trend away from the use of public switched telephone network lines and the resultant increase in servicing costs associated with alternative methods of communication;
the operating performance of Brinks Home Security's network, including the potential for service disruptions at both the main monitoring facility and back-up monitoring facility due to acts of nature or technology deficiencies, and the potential of security breaches related to network or customer information;
the outcome of any pending, threatened, or future litigation, including potential liability for failure to respond adequately to alarm activations;
the ability to continue to obtain insurance coverage sufficient to hedge our risk exposures, including as a result of acts of third parties and/or alleged regulatory violations;
changes in the nature of strategic relationships with original equipment manufacturers, dealers and other Brinks Home Security business partners;
the reliability and creditworthiness of Brinks Home Security's independent alarm systems dealers and subscribers;
changes in Brinks Home Security's expected rate of subscriber attrition;
the availability and terms of capital, including the ability of Brinks Home Security to refinance its existing debt or obtain future financing to grow its business;
Brinks Home Security's high degree of leverage and the restrictive covenants governing its indebtedness; and
availability of qualified personnel.

For additional risk factors, please see Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the "2017 Form 10-K") and Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018.  These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.
 
The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition.  This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere herein and the 2017 Form 10-K.


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Overview
 
Ascent Capital Group, Inc. ("Ascent Capital" or the "Company") is a holding company and its assets primarily consist of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Monitronics International, Inc. and its operating subsidiaries (collectively, "Brinks Home Security"). Brinks Home Security provides residential customers and commercial client accounts with monitored home and business security systems, as well as interactive and home automation services, in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. Brinks Home Security customers are obtained through its direct-to-consumer sales channel or its Authorized Dealer network, which provides product and installation services, as well as support to customers. Its direct-to-consumer channel offers both Do-It-Yourself ("DIY") and professional installation security solutions.

The rollout of the Brinks Home Security brand in the second quarter of 2018 included the integration of our business model under a single brand. As part of the integration, we reorganized our business from two reportable segments, "MONI" and "LiveWatch," to one reportable segment, Brinks Home Security. Following the integration, the Company's chief operating decision maker reviews internal financial information on a consolidated basis. The change in reportable segments had no impact on our previously reported historical condensed consolidated financial statements.

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("Topic 606") using the modified retrospective approach, which means the standard is applied to only the current period. Any significant impact as a result of this adoption is discussed in the results of operations detail below. See note 4, Revenue Recognition, in the notes to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

The Company early adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04") which requires a goodwill impairment to be recognized as the difference of the fair value and the carrying value of the reporting unit. See note 6, Goodwill, in the notes to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

The Company also adopted ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities ("ASU 2017-12") which simplifies the application of hedge accounting guidance. The standard was early adopted effective January 1, 2018, and an opening equity adjustment of $605,000 was recognized that reduced Accumulated deficit, offset by a gain in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). There was no material impact as a result of this adoption to the results of operations detail below. See note 1, Basis of Presentation, in the notes to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

Attrition
 
Account cancellation, otherwise referred to as subscriber attrition, has a direct impact on the number of subscribers that Brinks Home Security services and on its financial results, including revenues, operating income and cash flow.  A portion of the subscriber base can be expected to cancel its service every year. Subscribers may choose not to renew or to terminate their contract for a variety of reasons, including relocation, cost, switching to a competitor's service and limited use by the subscriber and thus low perceived value.  The largest categories of canceled accounts relate to subscriber relocation or the inability to contact the subscriber.  Brinks Home Security defines its attrition rate as the number of canceled accounts in a given period divided by the weighted average of number of subscribers for that period.  Brinks Home Security considers an account canceled if payment from the subscriber is deemed uncollectible or if the subscriber cancels for various reasons.  If a subscriber relocates but continues its service, this is not a cancellation.  If the subscriber relocates, discontinues its service and a new subscriber takes over the original subscriber's service continuing the revenue stream, this is also not a cancellation.  Brinks Home Security adjusts the number of canceled accounts by excluding those that are contractually guaranteed by its dealers.  The typical dealer contract provides that if a subscriber cancels in the first year of its contract, the dealer must either replace the canceled account with a new one or refund to Brinks Home Security the cost paid to acquire the contract. To help ensure the dealer's obligation to Brinks Home Security, Brinks Home Security typically maintains a dealer funded holdback reserve ranging from 5-8% of subscriber accounts in the guarantee period.  In some cases, the amount of the holdback liability is less than actual attrition experience.


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The table below presents subscriber data for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Twelve Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Beginning balance of accounts
 
998,087

 
1,059,634

Accounts acquired
 
110,358

 
103,650

Accounts canceled (b)
 
(161,657
)
 
(157,896
)
Canceled accounts guaranteed by dealer and other adjustments (a) (b)
 
(4,631
)

(7,301
)
Ending balance of accounts
 
942,157

 
998,087

Monthly weighted average accounts
 
965,026

 
1,033,150

Attrition rate - Unit (b)
 
16.8
%
 
15.3
%
Attrition rate - RMR (b) (c)
 
14.1
%
 
13.9
%
 
(a)
Includes canceled accounts that are contractually guaranteed to be refunded from holdback.
(b)
Accounts canceled for the twelve months ending September 30, 2017 were recast to include an estimated 4,945 accounts included in Brinks Home Security's Radio Conversion Program that canceled in excess of their expected attrition.
(c)
The recurring monthly revenue ("RMR") of canceled accounts follows the same definition as subscriber unit attrition as noted above. RMR attrition is defined as the RMR of canceled accounts in a given period, adjusted for the impact of price increases or decreases in that period, divided by the weighted average of RMR for that period.
 
The unit attrition rate for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was 16.8% and 15.3%, respectively. Contributing to the increase in the unit attrition rate was fewer customers under contract or in the dealer guarantee period in the twelve months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the prior period, and increased competition from new market entrants. The RMR attrition rate for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was 14.1% and 13.9%, respectively. The relatively smaller increase in the RMR attrition rate for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 was due to Brinks Home Security's more aggressive price increase strategy. There was also a modest increase to attrition attributed to subscriber losses related to the impacts of Hurricane Maria on Brinks Home Security's Puerto Rico customer base.

Brinks Home Security analyzes its attrition by classifying accounts into annual pools based on the year of acquisition.  Brinks Home Security then tracks the number of accounts that cancel as a percentage of the initial number of accounts acquired for each pool for each year subsequent to its acquisition.  Based on the average cancellation rate across the pools, Brinks Home Security's attrition rate is very low within the initial 12 month period after considering the accounts which were replaced or refunded by the dealers at no additional cost to Brinks Home Security. Over the next few years of the subscriber account life, the number of subscribers that cancel as a percentage of the initial number of subscribers in that pool gradually increases and historically has peaked following the end of the initial contract term, which is typically three to five years.  Subsequent to the peak following the end of the initial contract term, the number of subscribers that cancel as a percentage of the initial number of subscribers in that pool declines.

Accounts Acquired
 
During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, Brinks Home Security acquired 33,065 and 21,268 subscriber accounts, respectively, through its dealer and direct-to-consumer sales channels. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, Brinks Home Security acquired 91,995 and 77,423 subscriber accounts, respectively, through its dealer and direct-to-consumer sales channels. Accounts acquired for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 reflect bulk buys of approximately 6,700 and 17,600 accounts, respectively. There were no bulk buys during the three months ended September 30, 2017. Accounts acquired for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 reflect bulk buys of approximately 3,500 accounts, respectively. The increase in accounts acquired for the three months is due to bulk buys and year over year growth in the dealer and direct-to-consumer sales channels. The increase in accounts acquired for the nine months is due to bulk buys and year over year growth in the direct-to-consumer sales channel which was partially offset by year over year decline in accounts acquired from the dealer channel.

RMR acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $1,589,000 and $1,028,000, respectively. RMR acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $4,335,000 and $3,768,000, respectively.


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Strategic Initiatives

Given the recent decreases in the generation of new subscriber accounts in Brinks Home Security's dealer channel and trends in subscriber attrition, it has implemented several initiatives related to account growth, creation costs, attrition and margin improvements.

Account Growth

Brinks Home Security believes that generating account growth at a reasonable cost is essential to scaling its business and generating shareholder value. In recent years, acquisition of new subscriber accounts through its dealer channel has declined due to the attrition of large dealers, efforts to acquire new accounts from dealers at lower purchases prices, changes in consumer buying behavior and increased competition from technology, telecommunications and cable companies in the market. Brinks Home Security currently has several initiatives in place to improve account growth, which include:

Enhancing its brand recognition with consumers, which was recently bolstered by the rebranding to Brinks Home Security,
Recruiting high quality dealers into the Brinks Home Security Authorized Dealer Program,
Assisting new and existing dealers with training and marketing initiatives to increase productivity,